Marburg is a hemorrhagic fever disease caused by Marburg virus.
It starts as a febrile illness but can affect different parts of the body.
2 How does Marburg virus transmit to human?
Fruits bats are the natural host of the virus which then can be acquired by human different ways:
By direct contact with fruit bats or their body execrations in caves and mines.By handling infected animals, like monkeys, apes and lemurs.
Human to human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucus membranes) with the blood secretions, or other body fluids of affected people.
3 What are the symptoms of Marburg disease?
Marburg disease starts as a febrile illness with high fever, headache and gastrointestinal disturbances like abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. After 5 days of the symptoms patients might develop a red rash on the chest or back. At day-7 the disease becomes severe with possible changes in mental status and blood pressure, bleeding might occur from any part of the body.
4 How can I prevent myself from getting Marburg disease?
We advise you to avoid travelling to countries with Marburg virus disease outbreak.
It is advised to avoid contact with fruit bats and sick primates.
Avoid direct contact with patients suspected to have symptoms of Marburg disease without gloves and appropriate protection.
Practice regular handwashing. Use alcohol-based hand rub if at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
5 Is there a vaccine against Marburg virus?
At the moment there is no approved vaccines against Marburg virus in the market yet.
6 What is the treatment?
No antiviral is currently available to treat Marburg virus disease.